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Dog Vaccine Recommendations

Dog Vaccine Recommendations

Dog Vaccine Recommendations! Dog owners often ask, “What vaccinations should my dog have??? Veterinarians are frequently asked this question. Today’s answer to that question may differ from the answer you got 15 years ago due to advances in science and vaccine technology, as well as a growing body of information about infectious diseases.

A veterinary doctor’s decision regarding vaccine selection and administration protocol is among the most complicated decisions of today, according to the Council on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Here are a few reasons why:

In addition to, but not necessarily limited to, the following are a few reasons why

The immune system is continually evolving as we gain a better understanding of it,

The susceptibility to various diseases of the local/regional population,

An increase in the value of animals with associated liabilities,

Vaccine use/administration can be tracked more closely over the short, medium, and long-term due to longer animal life expectancies, and improved medical records.

A veterinarian may also consider the following factors when determining whether to vaccinate a dog:

  • Understanding infectious diseases in veterinary medicine is constantly evolving,
  • In addition to veterinarians’ concerns regarding vaccine regulation (licensing, labeling, etc.),
  • It is the veterinarian’s responsibility to be aware of the risks associated with vaccines. The risks associated with vaccination have received much attention in recent years. Vaccinations, which protect dogs from dangerous (including fatal) illnesses while also protecting humans (such as rabies) from diseases that spread between species, have unfortunately sparked a largely unwarranted backlash against them.

While vaccination is often politicized and sometimes emotionally charged, it is important to remember that vaccines have played an important role in helping people and animals to live longer, healthier lives in a world filled with microorganisms.
It is however important to keep in mind that not all available vaccines are suitable for every dog. In order to determine whether a pet should receive vaccinations, a comprehensive evaluation of each patient’s potential for disease exposure and the risks/benefits of vaccination must be conducted.

In order to ensure that a pet’s vaccination needs are met, it is always a good idea to consult a veterinarian before making a decision on vaccination.

Dogs in the United States should receive the following “core” (indispensable) vaccinations, as recommended by the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA):

  • Canine parvovirus
  • Rabies virus
  • Canine adenovirus-2 (hepatitis)
  • Canine distemper virus

As early as three months of age, puppies should receive a single dose of rabies vaccine. A single dose of the rabies vaccine is considered protective for adults (dogs 16 weeks or older). It is recommended that all dogs receive a second dose one year after their initial vaccination. In the following years, depending on the product’s labeling, you should administer the vaccine every one to three years.

Canine distemper virus vaccines, canine adenovirus-2 vaccines, and canine parvovirus vaccines are administered at three- to four-week intervals, between the ages of 6 and 16 weeks, respectively. Two vaccinations should be given three to four weeks apart if the first vaccination occurs after 16 weeks. It is recommended that puppies receive booster shots one year after their first vaccination, and then every three years after that.

Based on risk for exposure to diseases in question, the following vaccines are considered non-core, that is, they are optional vaccines:

  • Leptospirosis
  • Bordetella (kennel cough vaccine)
  • Canine coronavirus
  • Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi vaccine)
  • Parainfluenza


Dog Vaccine Recommendations

A further group of vaccines has been classified as “not recommended” by the American Academy of Pediatrics. This classification does not imply that the vaccines are unsafe or harmful. There is no current recommendation for widespread use of the vaccine for pet dogs based on this designation. The following are among them:

  • The AAHA takes no position on the use of some other vaccines, such as the rattlesnake vaccine (Crotalus atrox).
  • Coronavirus
  • Giardia lambla (no longer available as of this writing)

Vaccinations are routine procedures, but they shouldn’t be ignored, as they remain one of the most important services your veterinarian can perform for you. By performing a physical examination on your dog on a regular basis, your veterinarian will be able to make sure he is healthy. The development of an appropriate vaccination protocol for your pet is as important as any other aspect of medicine for your veterinarian.

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