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Ultimate Guide About Australian Shepherd

Despite their name, the Australian Shepherd dog breed originated in the western United States, not Australia, around the time of the Gold Rush in the 1840s. Originally bred to herd livestock, they remain a working dog at heart.

You can find these dogs in shelters and rescues, so opt to adopt if you can!

Ultimate Guide About Australian Shepherd

A breed of dog called the Australian Shepherd was developed in the western US during the Gold Rush in the 1840s, not in Australia. Their original purpose was to herd livestock, making them working dogs at heart.

It may be possible for you to adopt one of these dogs from a shelter or rescue if you are able.

Australian Shepherd Breed Characteristics:


Despite what most people believe, small dogs do not necessarily make good apartment dogs. High-rise apartment life isn’t for all small dogs because many of them are too yappy and energetic. Apartment dogs should have quietness, low energy, a fairly calm temperament indoors, and be polite to their neighbors. A crate will give your dog more personal space in your apartment, and you can find one here.

There are some dogs that are just easier than others. They are generally more easygoing and take to training better than others. You can also depend on them to bounce back from mistakes and inconsistencies you make.

It may be more difficult for a first-time dog parent to manage a dog who is highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive. You’ll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch.

Take a look at 101 Dog Tricks if you’re new to dog ownership and learn how to train your pet!

Depending on the dog, even a dirty look can cause them to take a serious reprimand to heart. The low-sensitivity breed is also called “easygoing,” “tolerant,” “resilient,” or even “thick-skinned” because they are more resilient to noise and chaos, louder or more assertive owners, and irregular schedules. Are you a busy parent who throws lots of dinner parties, plays in a garage band, or leads a hectic lifestyle? Choosing a dog with a low sensitivity is a good idea.

When left alone by their owner, some breeds become anxious or panicky because they have a very strong bond with their family. There are many ways that an anxious dog can be destructive, including barking, whining, chewing, and causing other mayhem. If you can take the dog to work or have a family member at home during the day, these breeds will do well.

A Greyhound’s short coat, lack of undercoat, and low body fat make this breed vulnerable to cold weather. Dogs who have a low tolerance for cold should live indoors in cold climates and wear a jacket or sweater when walking in cold weather. Here is a great place to find a jacket for your dog!


It is more likely that dogs with thick, double coats will overheat. Bulldogs and Pugs, breeds with short noses, are also susceptible to this since they are not as good at panting to cool themselves. Heat-sensitive breeds need to be confined to the home with you on warm or humid days, and exercising them in the heat will require extra precaution.

Australia Shepherd For Sale

All Around Friendliness

In spite of being raised by the same person since puppyhood, some breeds are independent and aloof; some bond closely to one person and are indifferent to others; and some are affectionate to everyone. As well as breed, the environment a dog grew up in plays a role in affection levels. Dogs raised in homes with humans around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more quickly with them.


It is important to choose a dog that is kid-friendly if you want to be patient with small children, strong enough to handle heavy affection, and non-afraid to run after screaming children. A few of the dogs included in that list are American Staffordshire Terriers (which are known as Pit Bulls) and fierce-looking Boxers. Due to their small size, delicate nature, and potential for snapping, Chihuahuas shouldn’t always be considered by families.

A generic dog does not exist. Neither the ratings nor the generalizations made about a dog breed or an individual dog are guaranteed. As for whether a dog is good with children, it depends on its past experiences, his or her training, and his or her personality. Dogs of all breeds, no matter what type of breed or breed type they are, have sharp, pointed teeth and strong jaws. Stress can lead to some dogs biting. Whenever you have young children and dogs of any breed, it is advisable to make sure they are supervised and not left alone with each other.

There is a huge difference between being friendly to dogs and being friendly to humans. Although some dogs enjoy playing with people, some will come after other dogs or try to dominate them, whereas others will turn tail and run away from other dogs. There are other factors to consider besides breed. The social skills of canines are more likely to develop when they live with their littermates and mother until they are at least six to eight weeks old, and spend time playing with other dogs throughout puppyhood.

Others react timidly, indifferently, or aggressively to strangers, and others will wag their tails and nuzzle them. It doesn’t matter what breed the dog is, as an adult a dog who was socialized as a puppy and introduced to a variety of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people will be better at dealing with strangers. All dogs should be kept on a good, strong leash when they are out in public, regardless of how friendly they are!

Australian Shepherd Puppies

Health And Grooming Needs

It is inevitable that your clothes and home will contain some level of dog hair if you live with a dog. It is important to note, however, that shedding varies greatly between breeds. It is common for some dogs to shed all year long, some to shed seasonally, some to shed both, and some to shed no more than once a year. Your clean-mindedness will either require you to choose a low-shedding breed or to relax your standards. De-shedding tools can help keep your home cleaner. Here is one that you can use!

Some breeds, such as those with hip dysplasia, are susceptible to genetic health conditions as a result of poor breeding practices. They are at an increased risk of developing these diseases, but not all dogs of that breed will develop them.

Finding out the genetic illnesses common to your chosen breed is a good idea if you’re considering adopting a puppy. If you don’t know the physical health of the potential pup’s parents and other relatives, you may want to ask your shelter or rescue.

Whether it’s a Chihuahua, the world’s smallest pooch, or a towering Great Dane, how much space a dog occupies is a key factor when determining whether they’re compatible with you and your home. Dogs with large breeds may seem intimidating at first, but they can actually be incredibly sweet if given the opportunity! Browse our selection of dogs and find the perfect fit!

You may also find slobber ropes draping down your arm and drool-covered spots on your clothes when drool-prone dogs come over to say hello to you. Choosing a dog who drools less may be a better choice if you’re a neatnik than if you have a relaxed attitude toward slobber.

There are breeds of dogs that can be brushed and go, while others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to keep clean and healthy. You may want to think about whether you have the time and patience to groom a dog who needs a lot of grooming, or whether you can afford to hire someone to do it for you.


It is common for some breeds to gain weight easily due to their hearty appetites. It is also possible for dogs to develop health problems as a result of being overweight, just as it is for humans. It is best to limit treats, make sure your dog gets enough exercise, and restrict the amount of food left out for them rather than leaving them out all of the time if you choose a breed that tends to pack on pounds.

Your vet should be able to tell you what foods you should feed your dog so they can remain healthy. Weight gain can lead to other health issues or worsen problems like arthritis.


The ability to form associations among prompts (such as the word “sit”), actions (such as sitting), and consequences (getting a treat) is more apparent in easy-to-train dogs. When training other dogs, more patience, repetition, and time will be required.

In some breeds, you will have to reward them or play with them to make them want to comply with your requests because they are intelligent, but have a ‘What’s in it for me?’ attitude.

When puppies are young, most breeds develop mouthiness, which is a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, relatively painless bite without puncturing the skin). It’s important to train mouthy dogs to learn that it’s okay to chew on chew toys, but not on people, and not to use their mouths to hold or herd their human family members. Toys filled with kibble or treats tend to be very popular among mouthy breeds who enjoy playing fetch.

Breeds differ in their level of free-spiritedness. Taking off after anything that catches their attention is something Nordic dogs like Siberian Huskies do often when given the chance. Some hounds simply cannot resist following their noses–or those bunnies running across the path–despite being forced to leave you behind.


The ability to form associations among prompts (such as the word “sit”), actions (such as sitting), and consequences (getting a treat) is more apparent in easy-to-train dogs. While training other dogs, you will need to be patient and repeat the process a number of times.

In some breeds, you will have to reward them or play with them to make them want to comply with your requests because they are intelligent, but have a ‘What’s in it for me?’ attitude.

It is inherently instinctual for dogs that were bred to hunt, such as Terriers, to chase–and sometimes kill–other animals. It is possible to trigger this instinct if anything whizzing by triggers it, such as cats, squirrels, and even cars. In order to prevent your dog from chasing when outdoors, you should keep them on leashes or in fenced areas, and you should have a high, secure fence around your property. It is generally not a good idea to have these breeds in a home with smaller pets, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs, since they sometimes resemble prey. When there are birds flying by, you may have a hard time getting the attention of breeds that were originally used for bird hunting.

Sounding off is more common in some breeds than in others. You should consider a dog’s barking or howling frequency when choosing a breed. When deciding whether to adopt a hound, would you find their trademark howls musical or annoying? What are the chances that your watchdog will become permanently alert if the city is full of suspicious strangers? Is your dog going to go crazy due to the local wildlife? Is there a noise restriction in your housing? Is there anyone nearby who you can talk to? Choosing a quieter dog may be a better option for you.

Physical Needs

Walking around the block in the evening is fine for some breeds. Many other animals need to be exercised vigorously every day, particularly those originally designed for physical labor, like herding and hunting.They may gain weight and behave in ways that put off your enjoyment, such as barking, chewing, and digging, if they are not exercised enough. People who live a very active lifestyle or those who want to train their dog to compete in high-energy dog sports, such as agility, should look for breeds that require a lot of exercise.

The perpetual puppy dog is forever begging for play, while the serious and sedate dog is less energetic. It may sound endearing to have a playful pup, but take into consideration your own play schedule and whether the pup will be able to play fetch or tag with your children or other dogs.


Dogs with high energy are always ready to take on new challenges. They are original canine workhorses; they were born to retrieve game for hunters or herd livestock and can work a full day without tiring easily. Besides spending time jumping, playing, and exploring new sights and smells, they need a great deal of exercise and mental stimulation.

In dog terms, low-energy dogs are like couch potatoes, content to doze off the day away. A frisky, energetic dog may be energizing or annoying depending on your activity level and lifestyle.

It does not matter whether a vigorous dog is high-energy or not: every act they perform is with vigor: pulling on their leashes (until they are trained not to), pushing through obstacles, even gulping down food and water. Training is essential for these dynamos to accomplish good manners. They’re not recommended for people with young children or elderly residents. The lifestyle of the low-vigor dog differs from the lifestyle of the high-vigor dog.

Vital Stats:

Vital Stats:

More About Australia Shepherd

Australian Shepherd

The sight of an Australian Shepherd rounding up a flock of sheep is one of nature’s most beautiful sights. He commands his flock with sure, athletic movements, nips, barks, and “eye,” a penetrating stare that clearly indicates his authority.

Aussies are clever, hardworking, and versatile dogs who thrive in a home where they can use their brains and energy effectively. If you live with an Aussie, it isn’t necessary to keep a flock of sheep – although keeping one wouldn’t hurt – but you will need to keep him occupied. It is clear from his demeanor that he is a dog full of energy who has no idea what a couch potato is, or even if he were, would not approve of it.

A walk around the neighborhood will not suffice because he has a lot of energy to burn, and he needs a yard to work out his ya-yas. Boredom, destruction, and loudness result from a lack of work. If he is unable to find a job, he would probably invent one: herding the kids, your own or those of your neighbors; chasing cars or other animals; or tearing apart your home. You should not get an Aussie if you do not have the time or energy to train and exercise him every day.

However, if you are interested in competitive dog sports, you should consider an Aussie. Dogs of this breed are known for their agility, flyball, obedience, and herding skills. They can be found in all sizes, with docked or naturally bobbed tails. As well as guide dogs, hearing dogs, assistance dogs, police dogs, as well as search and rescue dogs, he has successfully made a career out of canine work.

Your Aussie dog can even clean your house for you, such as picking up dirty laundry from the floor and bringing it to the laundry room for you. Folding clean laundry, however, may require your own effort.

The Aussie is one of the most attractive dogs out there thanks to his colorful medium-length coat and eyes that can vary from dark brown to yellow to blue to green to amber.

He is a loyal companion whose heritage is as a working dog, which makes him protective of his family and home while also being aloof with strangers. It doesn’t matter what you teach him, as long as you don’t try to herd the children, he gets along with them.

When you’re with an Aussie, you’re always on an adventure. It will be easy to fall in love with him from sunrise to sunset because of his loyal and loving nature. This breed is not suitable for inactive families since it is a wonderful working dog, and it is a great companion for active families.


  • Playing Frisbee is a good way to exercise Australian Shepherds for about 30 minutes each day. In addition to obedience training, they can participate in herding and agility competitions.
  • In the absence of exercise and mental stimulation, Australian Shepherds can become destructive and bark for long periods of time.
  • There is a surprising fierceness to the way Aussies guard their family and home, and they will bark alertly if they see or hear anything suspicious.
  • Despite their reputation of needing a lot of space, Australian Shepherds can thrive in cities if they are given the right stimulation and exercise. Apartments, however, cannot accommodate them. At the very least, you will need a small yard for them to get some exercise.
  • A timid or inexperienced owner may allow this herding dog to assume the dominant role in the family. For those who haven’t previously owned a dog, Aussies wouldn’t be a good choice.
  • It is standard for Australian Shepherds to shed; they must be brushed every week to prevent matting, and they must be trimmed regularly to keep them looking good.
  • Australians prefer to stick close to their human pack as they enjoy the company of their family. In the backyard by themselves for long periods of time, they don’t do well.
  • Aussies are naturally standoffish toward people they don’t know, and they can become fearful of strangers if they’re not regularly exposed to a variety of people, ideally from the time they’re puppies. As a result, aggressive and fear-driven behavior may lead to biting. Expose him to a wide range of people, such as friends, family, neighbors, and even strangers to help him refine his social skills.
  • When choosing a puppy, opt for one from a responsible breeder or puppy mill, not from a pet store. To ensure she does not pass on any genetic diseases to her puppies, a reputable breeder will ensure that her breeding dogs are tested for health and temperament.

History Of Australian Shepherd


This breed was born in America, despite its name. Some Australian Shepherds are still employed by ranchers and farmers in the west because they originally were developed for herding livestock.

The Australian Shepherd is credited with being created by a combination of several breeds. During the 1840s, sheep shipments from Australia brought collie and shepherd-type dogs – hence the name – to the United States, thus the Aussie’s origin. Herders developed dogs with versatility, hard work, and intelligence in order to enhance their herding abilities.

With a renewed interest in Western-style horseback riding, the breed enjoyed a popularity boom post-World War II. Athletes’ dogs are an impressive sight to behold, especially in rodeos, horse shows, and western movies. However, the American Kennel Club didn’t recognize this breed until 1993, despite its popularity.

Australian Shepherds still offer ranchers and farmers in the old west the same eye-catching, energetic, clever dog they used to be. In addition to his duties as a family companion, protector, and herding dog, he also enjoys his life as a dog of many affections.


A male Australian Shepherd dog is estimated to stand between 20 and 23 inches tall at the shoulder, whereas a female is estimated to stand between 18 and 21 inches tall at the shoulder. Weights of males range from 50 to 65 pounds, and those of females range from 40 to 55 pounds.

The advertisements for teacup Australian Shepherds, toy Australian Shepherds, and miniature Australian Shepherds may mention these breeds. Australian Shepherd breeders do not consider it to be a true Australian Shepherd. A breed like this can go over rough terrain or snowdrifts for miles with tough stock, so there are no smaller sizes.


It’s no secret that Australian Shepherds are bred to be dominant with livestock, so if they’re not given firm leadership, they’re bound to take over your home. First-time pet owners or timid pet owners shouldn’t choose them due to their temperament.

Despite its loyal nature, the Australian Shepherd can be standoffish when it comes to strangers. A child’s socialization should begin at an early age – he or she should be exposed to a variety of people, sights, sounds, and experiences.

In order for your Australian Shepherd puppy to grow up to be a well-rounded dog, they need to be socialized. It would be a great idea to enroll him in a puppy kindergarten class. As a means of improving his social skills, it will also be helpful to invite visitors over regularly, as well as to take him to busy parks, pet-friendly stores, and on leisurely walks to meet neighbors.


Australian shepherds are generally considered to be healthy, but just like any other breed, they can suffer from certain health conditions. It is important to know that there are certain diseases associated with this breed, though not all of them can be found in every Aussie.

The most important thing to do if you are considering purchasing a puppy is to find a good breeder who will show you the health clearances for both of its parents. If your dog is healthy, he has been tested for specific conditions and has been cleared for them. 

Health clearances are available from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia in Aussies, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease, Auburn University for thrombopathia, and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation for Normal Eyes (CERF). Check the OFA website ( if you’re not sure of your health clearance status.

Hip Dysplasia:

There is a hereditary condition in which the femur does not fit snugly into the pelvic socket of a person suffering from this disease. There can be clinical symptoms of hip dysplasia that appear together or separately. 

A dog’s rear legs may be painful or lame if they suffer from lameness. The possibility of a dog developing arthritis increases as he ages. 

Orthopedic Foundation for Animals and University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program both perform hip dysplasia X-ray screenings. Breeding dogs with hip dysplasia is not recommended. If the breeder cannot provide proof that both parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and found to be cancer-free, then you should consider another breed.

Elbow Dysplasia:

This hereditary condition is more common in large-breed dogs. Its three bones grow at different rates, which makes the elbow of a dog prone to joint laxity. In a consequence, you may be lame for a long period of time. You may be able to resolve your problem with surgery or medication recommended by your veterinarian.


It is possible for the Australian Shepherd to be affected by epilepsy, a disease that causes seizures, on rare occasions. The diagnosis of epilepsy can be treated with medication, but it cannot be cured. It is possible to live a full and healthy life for a dog with this hereditary disorder if it is properly managed.


A variety of challenges arise because of the breed’s propensity for deafness. Some forms of deafness and hearing loss can be treated with medication and surgery, but deafness is usually incurable. The market is filled with many devices that can make life easier for people who live with deaf animals in addition to patience and time. 

Some of these products include vibration collars, which are a great choice for dogs who are hard of hearing. In the event that your Aussie is diagnosed with hearing loss or total deafness, you need to consider how much patience, time, and ability you have to care for it. Regardless of what you decide, you must contact the breeder as soon as possible.

Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD):

Elbows are most commonly affected, but shoulders have also been affected. The cartilage in joints does not grow properly, causing this orthopedic condition. It is caused by a painful stiffening of the elbow joint that prevents dogs from bending their elbows. Early diagnosis of the disease is possible for dogs between four and nine months of age. High-protein foods or puppy formulas designed to promote growth can cause this disorder if they are overfed.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA):

As a result of this degenerative eye disease, the photoreceptors at the back of the eye are destroyed, causing blindness. In dogs with PRA, signs of blindness can be detected years before they show any visible symptoms. Although blind dogs cannot see, they can compensate for their incapacity with their other senses, so they can live happy and full lives despite their disability. Do not make moving furniture a habit, but move it occasionally. The eyes of breeders of reputable Aussies are assessed annually by a veterinary ophthalmologist so that the condition is avoided when breeding dogs.


In cataracts, the lens of the eye becomes opaque, making it difficult to see clearly. There will be a cloudy appearance to the dog’s eye(s). It is common for dogs to develop cataracts in old age, and the condition can sometimes be treated surgically by removing the cataract.


Distichia occurs when the oil gland in the eye produces an additional row of eyelashes that protrude along the edge of the eyelid. The eye may be irritated by this, and your Aussie may squint or rub his eye(s). The excess eyelashes are frozen with liquid nitrogen and removed surgically to treat distichiasis. A cryoepilation is a general anesthetic surgery that is carried out under this name.

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA):

Some dogs can become blind due to Collie Eye Anomaly, an inherited condition. The condition is usually diagnosed by a veterinary ophthalmologist by the time the dog is 2 years old. The condition can’t be treated, but blind dogs can still function well with the help of other senses, as described above. 

Your breeder should be notified if your puppy has this genetic abnormality, as it is a genetic abnormality. Furthermore, spaying or neutering your dog will prevent the gene from being passed on to future generations.

Persistent Pupillary Membranes (PPM):

Physiologically, persistent pupillary membranes are remnants of the fetal membranes that nourish the lenses before birth. A puppy usually loses them within four to five weeks of its birth, but sometimes they remain. 

Some of these strands are found in the anterior chamber of the eye, between the iris and lens, or between the cornea and iris. In most dogs, the strands do not cause any problems, and they typically dissolve by the end of the eighth week of the pup’s life. It is possible for these strands to cause cataracts or corneal opacities if they are not broken down. In addition to eye drops prescribed by your veterinarian, you can also take supplements to help them break down.


When a person suffers from hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland produces abnormally low levels of thyroid hormone. Symptoms such as infertility can occur as a mild indicator. As well as mental dullness and lethargy, obese individuals may suffer from drooping eyelids, a reduced energy level, and irregular thermoregulation. 

Fur on the dog loses its softness and becomes coarse and brittle, while the skin becomes dark and tough. Throughout the dog’s life, daily medication must be given to treat hypothyroidism. It is possible for a dog to live a long and happy life with thyroid treatment every day.


Allergies are common among dogs. In order to determine which foods are causing a dog’s allergy, the culprit must be eliminated from its diet until the cause of the allergy can be determined. The most common cause of contact allergies is products that come into contact with the dog, such as bedding, flea powders, shampoos, and other chemicals. 

In order to treat allergies, you must identify and eliminate their cause. Pollen, dust, and mildew are among the airborne allergens that cause inhalant allergies. Depending on the severity of the allergy, the appropriate medication will be prescribed. Allergic reactions to inhalants commonly lead to ear infections.

Drug Sensitivity:

Some herding breeds, such as Australian Shepherds and Collies, are sensitive to certain drugs. Symptoms are caused by mutations in the Multidrug Resistance Gene (MDR1) that produce the protein P-glycoprotein. To prevent the harmful effects of toxic substances, this protein acts as a pump to remove them from the body. 

 There is a defect in that gene in dogs affected by Drug Sensitivity, resulting in toxicity. This mutated gene of dogs can make them susceptible to the drug Ivermectin, used in drugs such as heartworm prevention, chemotherapy, and other anti-parasitic products. 
These symptoms include tremors, depression, seizures, incoordination, hypersalivation, coma, and even death in extreme cases. It is unknown what treatments are available for this disorder, but a new genetic test can be used to identify dogs who suffer from nonfunctioning genes. Vaccinations should be administered to all Australian Shepherds.


It is possible for dogs to develop cancer, just as it is for humans. The success of treatment varies from case to case depending on the type of cancer. There are some forms of cancer that require surgery, others that require chemotherapy, and some that require both surgical and medical treatment.

Nasal Solar Dermatitis:

In addition to collies, dogs with little or no pigment in their noses can also suffer from this condition, which is also referred to as Collie-nose. It is not unusual for dogs with a super-sensitivity to sunlight to develop skin lesions on the nose and occasionally near the eyelids, ranging from light pink spots to ulcers. 

 Due to the possibility of other diseases causing the same lesions, the condition may be difficult to diagnose at first. Keep your Aussie out of direct sunlight if he has Collie nose, and apply sunscreen when it’s time to go outside. To manage this condition, tattooing the dog’s nose black to prevent sunlight from damaging it is the most effective method.

Detached Retina:

In the event of a facial injury, the retina can become detached from the supporting tissues underlying it. There is a possibility of blindness or a visual impairment if the retina becomes detached. Many dogs with visual impairments live full lives despite having a detached retina that can’t be treated.

Care of an Australian Shepherd


You should also have a secure fence around your yard so that your Aussie can’t dig under it or jump over it. Your Aussie will not respond to underground electronic fencing because his desire to herd something will outweigh any concern he might have about getting shocked. Additionally, don’t allow him to roam free unless you are prepared to train him to resist his urges.

Exercise like jogging, Frisbee, obedience, and agility exercises for your Aussie ought to be done for half to an hour a day. Buster Cubes are great puzzle toys to keep your dog’s active mind occupied when you aren’t playing with him.

As a puppy, you shouldn’t let it run on concrete or do much jumping until it is a year old. Puppies don’t need as much hard exercise as adults do. In the future, this may cause problems with their joints because it could put stress on their still-developing skeletal system.

It’s good for herding sheep for Aussies to nip and chase, but bad manners for humans and animals when they do it. Your Aussie’s herding behavior can be curbed through obedience classes, and they satisfy his need for mental stimulation and exercise, as well.

It is common for Aussies to follow commands from their trainers when their training methods use positive reinforcement – praise, play, and food – as well as praise and food rewards. Their only concern is who is in charge so they can carry out their duties effectively.


Two meals a day, each consisting of 1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food, are recommended.

Considering your dog’s size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level, you need to determine how much he eats. Individual dogs require different amounts of food, just as individuals require different amounts of food. The needs of highly active dogs will differ greatly from those of couch potatoes.

You also need to consider the quality of your dog food – the better the dog food is, the more it will nourish your dog and the less you will need to shake into its bowl.

Don’t leave food out all the time for your Aussie – measure his food twice daily and feed him twice daily. Make sure he has an eye exam and hands-on exam if you are unsure if he is overweight.

The first thing you should do is look down at him. It should be possible for you to see the waist. Spread your fingers downwards and place your hands on his back with your thumbs along his spine. He should be able to feel his ribs, but you shouldn’t be able to see them without pressing hard. You should reduce his food intake and increase his exercise if you can’t.

Aussies, check out our articles on choosing the right food, feeding puppies, and feeding your adult dog.

Coat Color And Grooming

He keeps warm and dry in rain and snow with a medium-length water-resistant coat. The undercoat of Aussies living in colder climates is thicker than that of Aussies living in warmer climates.

Generally, dogs have straight or wavy hair covering their bodies, with short, smooth hair covering their heads and ears, the fronts of their forelegs, and below the heels. Forelegs are feathered in moderate amounts, and hindlegs are covered in britches – the pantaloon-like fur on the undersides of the legs. The neck and chest have long, plentiful hair – especially in males – that appears thick and full.

A variety of colors are available in Australian Shepherds: blue merle, red merle, red, tri-color (white, black, and tan), and black. An albino merle dog has black patches on gray and an albino merle dog has red patches on beige. Merles have patches of dark and light colors. It is common for Merles to become darker as they age.

A yes to your question about whether Australian Shepherds shed is the answer. During spring, when the breed loses its winter coat, he sheds more heavily.

The mats on the Aussie’s coat can be prevented by brushing the coat weekly, maybe more frequently during shedding season. If the coat is tangled, spray it with water diluted dog hair conditioner before brushing. Once the coat is clean, you should use a slicker brush to scrub the hair into the skin. Do not just brush over the top of the coat – get right down to the skin. 

Excess hair can also be removed with an undercoat rake. It may be necessary to use a stripping comb to remove mats behind the ears. Almost any pet supply store can provide you with any of these grooming tools.

As long as your Aussie is brushed, you shouldn’t need to bathe him more than a few times a year if he’s dirty. Make sure your dog’s skin and coat are not dried out by using a dog shampoo.

Checking your dog’s overall condition during grooming sessions is a good idea. Ensure that your dog does not have any injuries or sores, rashes, dry skin, or signs of infection such as tenderness or inflammation before brushing. Ensure that you do not have goopy discharge coming from your eyes or foxtails or burrs in your ears. Shiny coats are preferred over dull ones. You may need to improve your diet or groom your coat more frequently if it is dull.

Keep your nails trimmed regularly to avoid painful splinters. Nails that click on the floor are too long if you can hear them.

Trim the hair around your Aussie’s ears, feet, and between its toes, as well as around its tail area to keep it looking tidy. Try a professional groomer if you are not comfortable handling anything other than the basics of grooming.

Children And Other Pets

The Australian Shepherd is a herding dog, which means you’ll need to teach him that chasing and nipping at kids to herd them is not okay. Families with kids find Aussies to be wonderful companions once they learn this lesson.

Whenever possible, children should be taught how to approach and touch dogs in order to prevent biting, ear pulling, or tail pulling on either side. If your child approaches a dog that is eating or sleeping or trying to take away its food, teach them never to do so. Leaving a dog unsupervised by a child is never a good idea, regardless of how Despite their tendency to herd other animals, they can get along with other pets as well. may try to herd them. This may not go over too well, especially with cats. Keep an eye on your Aussie when other pets are around until he learns that they’re not members of his flock.